Standing on the corner of 18th and Vine listening to jazz in Kansas City, Missouri is one of those pop culture travel mandates for jazz fans — in the same vein as standing on a corner in Winslow, Arizona or crossing London’s Abbey Road barefoot is for rock n’ roll. It’s just one of those things you have to do.
The 18th and Vine reference is not one everyone gets, but if you know jazz, if you can hum the tune to “Goin’ to Kansas City,” you recognize that the 18th and Vine Historic District here is some place special.
Jazz in Kansas City
At one time almost 200 juke joints operated 24 hours a day there, pumping music into the street and creating a more mellow sound than that found in New Orleans. Sure, jazz was born in N’Orleans, but those who know this genre of music will tell you that Kansas City is where jazz grew up and gained an attitude.
Why Kansas City for Jazz?
Located in the heartland of America, where the Midwest becomes the West, Kansas City is a crossroads of many cultures. Known for its iconic Spanish architecture on the Country Club Plaza and as one of the great barbecue hubs of the U.S., Kansas City’s influence on jazz comes from a time in the U.S. known as Prohibition – a 13-year period that began in 1920 when serving alcohol was illegal in this country.
However, alcohol was flowing freely in Kansas City, thanks to a crime boss named Tom Pendergast who was not intimidated by a little thing like the U.S. Constitution.
Kansas City Jazz
Jazz musicians from around the world followed the alcohol and found their way to the jazz clubs of Kansas City, predominantly the 18th & Vine District. In so doing, they experienced a new freedom and energy that expressed itself through their music and became the Kansas City sound.
Where New Orleans jazz is dominated by brass, Kansas City jazz expresses itself with more piano and more bass. Part swing, part bee bop, Kansas City jazz is considered more bluesy. Some call it “cool jazz.” It’s an earthy, sultry blend of melody, rhythm and harmony that feeds the soul of Kansas City as sure as barbecue feeds its body.
The American Jazz Museum
The American Jazz Museum shares space with the Negro Leagues Baseball Museum in a complex called The Museums of 18th and Vine. Charlie Bird Parker’s saxophone is here and extensive exhibits on Ella Fitzgerald, Jay McShann, Count Basie and Louis Armstrong, among many others. They all attribute much of their success to Kansas City and the freedom they had to explore and grow in their craft.
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