A Look at Daily Life in Havana, Cuba

Travel in Havana, Cuba - The historic Capitol in Havana. Photo by Christina Lyon
The historic Capitol in Havana. Photo by Christina Lyon

Havana: An Ubiquitous Paradox

Yet even still, living without many comforts, Cubans take pride in what they do have. Cleaning is a round the clock activity of window washing, mopping floors, hanging laundry and other chores. Hard work is a daily commitment done with a smile, despite the obvious hardships.

Meals are served abundantly, as if no expense was spared. Women strut stylishly in their tight fitted, brightly colored clothing and the men are equally groomed and fashionable.

The Cubans have accomplished the art of eloquence on a dime. But no matter how manicured they keep themselves, there’s no hiding the scars of the city.

Shoveled piles of debris and gravel lie scattered throughout the streets. The innards of once thriving buildings exist only as a shadow of the extravagance they once were, as if the skeleton was removed and all that’s left is hanging skin.

A visual paradox vividly represents the constant tug of war between progression, and limitation. While a large part of the city lies in waiting, decrepit, desperate for renovation, there is a beauty hanging around these streets.

UNESCO agreed and in 1982 inscribed Old Havana as a World Heritage Site. The initiative serves to “to ensure the proper repair and conservation of the built fabric of Old Havana that is in disrepair due to decay, chronic neglect and the elements.”

But not all of Havana is hurting.

Havana is a lively city where the streets are filled with classic cars and locals socializing. Photo by Christina Lyon
Havana is a lively city where the streets are filled with classic cars and locals socializing. Photo by Christina Lyon

Beautifully renovated colonial buildings in hues of white and pink stand stalwartly above Corinthian columns, embellished with European reliefs and imported Italian marble. They barely thwart the mold and tree roots permeating the border of the decrepit next door neighbors. The juxtaposition is like mixed media, and only adds to the intrigue of this mysterious and provoking place.

As a visitor, the city is completely magnetizing and perplexing all at once. But what about the people who live here?

A Fight for Cuban Identity

Cubans come from generations of farmers; sugar cane, coffee and tobacco. In this way, the country sustains itself with local goods produced from organic farming.

These people are derived from the indigenous occupants of a Caribbean island with tropical forests and a myriad of nature. But constantly shifting cultural influences made many Cubans wonder what their true heritage is. Spanish? African? American? Russian?

The Spanish guitar strums, the American cars and Russian Ladas share the roads. Santería, an African religion brought to Cuba with slavery in the 19th Century, is still widely practiced. Enshrined on murals throughout Cuba are the words “Socialismo o muerte,” with a portrait of Fidel Castro.

Cuba has many means of transportation. Photo by Christina Lyon
Cuba has many means of transportation. Photo by Christina Lyon

Contrary to the singular depiction of Cuba as a communist nation that makes the best cigars in the world, there is more going on beneath the surface.

Daily life in Cuba is not the postcard of classic cars driving down the Malecón either. Reality is weighted in abandoned infrastructure and shifty circumstances.

Is this truly what the Cubans wanted from the revolution? Does socialism bring equality to an unfair level? Cuba provokes many questions, and answers serve to open the door to more questions. Which is probably why 4 million tourists visited Cuba in 2016, according to Cuba Business Report.

What is clear is that somehow, against all odds, the Cubans have managed to not only find their own identity, but accompany it with a pride evident in nearly any Cuban you meet. And despite the constant obstacles of daily life, tourism is a prospective industry which Cuba is rapidly gaining the capacity to cater to.

The Cubans own this culture now, and they don’t want anything to change that. But the influx in tourism is increasingly growing. Cuba finds itself again on the brink of a major shift.

Internet is becoming more available. A 600-room luxury Chinese hotel is opening, paving the way for U.S. Marriott’s to break ground in the future.

High end boutiques are moving into Old Havana, just around the corner from Hemingway’s old watering hole, El Floridita.

“We need change for the Cuban people… we need to make more money,” said a security guard at the fortress in the bay of Old Havana over a smoke break. “But we don’t want a McDonalds.”

The Malecón at twilight, when people begin to gather for evening mingling. Photo by Christina Lyon
The Malecón at twilight, when people begin to gather for evening mingling. Photo by Christina Lyon

A rooster crows in the middle of the city. Women on the sidewalks hang their arms through the opened windows of their neighbors to chat. A wave of tourists stampede the street flashing their Canons in doe-eyed fascination.

It’s not a matter of if, but when and how fast will the clocks fast forward to the 21st Century.

If You Travel to Cuba:

Bring everything you think you’ll need for toiletries and first aid, as supplies are hard to get. Check with your airline to get information on obtaining the mandatory Tourist Visa to enter Cuba. If you’re American, you’ll have to obtain an Affidavit, and can check with the U.S. Embassy in Cuba for resources regarding American travel to Cuba.

Head down Calle Obispo for nightlife and shopping and be sure to drink a Mojito from the rooftop bar of Hotel Ambos Mundos, where Hemingway stayed in the 30s.

Author Bio: Christina Lyon is a Southern California native with a fervent travel addiction. She’s a budding travel blogger and adventure enthusiast who loves being thrown into new environments accompanied by awkward moments and resonant connections. She’ll die for a good taco and always fight for the underdog, keep up with her travels at www.chasingchristina.com and on Instagram @chasing_christina.